Umm ar-Rasas is a ruined city started as a Roman military camp from around the 3rd century that grew to a town in around the 5th century and continued on until the 9th century.
Umm ar-Rasas (أم الرّصاص) Chapel. Umm ar-Rasas is an archeological site in Jordan which contains ruins from the Roman, Byzantine, and early Muslim civilizations. The majority of the site has not been excavated. Among the portions excavated so far include a military camp and several churches. For its unique blend of civilizations, Umm ar-Rasas was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2004.
Umm ar-Rasas (أم الرّصاص) and Salpy. One of the many, many ruined structures that you can walk and climb around. There is no one here running any kind of security. We assume this is due to lack of funds given the current state of Jordan, but that is just speculation. We had no tour guide.
The Church of Lions. The floors of every structure were covered in sand. Again, we believe due to the lack of funds for excavation and restoration of these beautiful ruins and mosaic floors. You can see 3 circles that we cleared away to get a look at the mosaics under the sand. You can also see the plastic that was put over the entire floor in the past trying to preserve it somewhat. To be honest, the sand is probably preserving it pretty good. It’s been there for hundreds and hundreds of years already.
(Not my photo). The Church of Lions. This is here for reference on what the above photo is of. This was obviously taken a while ago when they were keeping the sand off of the floors. I assume the buckets at the top of the picture have water in them to clean the mosaics so you can better see the vivid colors.
Another one of the many, many ruined buildings. While this place was astonishing to walk around and was easily one of our favorite places, it’s heartbreaking that it can’t be properly excavated and preserved.
One of the many Byzantine crosses you can find all over the entire area.
The Church of Saint Stephen. This was built during Byzantine times around the year 785. The images in the mosaics depict ancient cities like Jerusalem, Amman, Madaba etc. As well as Egyptian cities like Alexandria. It also mentions the memorial of Moses at Mt. Nebo
The Church of Saint Stephen. This mosaic was uncovered in the year 1986 and is the largest mosaic in Jordan. It actually overlays another mosaic floor from an earlier Church of Bishop Sergius which was built in 587.
The Church of Saint Stephen. Six mosaic masters signed the work: Staurachios from Esbus, Euremios, Elias, Constantinus, Germanus, and Abdela
A tower where stylite monks would live in isolation for years. There is no internal or external staircase. This is one of the only remaining towers that were built for this practice. The monks would often attract admirers below. The most famous of these hermits is St. Simeon Stylites whose church still survives in Syria.